The Apalachee were a native tribe which inhabited the area in North-western Florida. The tribe was first discovered 1528 by Spanish explorers. In the mid 1600's the population was estimated to be 6,000 - 8,000 people. The Apalachee had a trade network that reached north to the Great Lakes, not only did the Apalachee excel in trade and agriculture but they were also noted warriors.
By 1600 the Apalachee were missionized by Spanish Franciscans, they occupied eight villages until early into the 18th Century, when Creek tribes from the north where sent by the British to raid the Apalachee settlement. The attacks began in 1703 when an army of Englishmen and Creek warriors defeated the combined Spanish and Apalachee. The tribe was almost entirely destroyed, save for around 1,400 Apalachee who were removed to Carolina where some merged with the Creek. The remaining sought out protection from the French in Mississippi and Lousianna.
Today most of the Apalachee live in Lousianna. The tribal office is also situated in Lousianna and serves approximately 300 members.